How Long Does It Take to Become a Doctor in 2022- Best Steps

How Long Does It Take to Become a Doctor – Ultimate Guide 2022

Becoming a doctor is not an easy decision. How long does it take to become a doctor in 2022? Rest assured that even after four years of intensive college studies, there is a long way to go before you become an independent doctor.

This path consists of a huge number of study hours, a lot of effort, perhaps you will be in debt for your studies, and the study itself will take a very long time. That number sounds very impressive: between 11 and 15 years.

We have collected a detailed guide for you so that you can have a clear idea of what you will have to face along the way and how long it will take to become a doctor in today’s environment.

How Long Do You Study to Become a Doctor

You must already be prepared to become a practitioner before you can enroll in medical school.

How Long Does It Take to Become a Doctor in 2022- Best Steps

If you are reading this post and you are studying in high school yourself, then we are in a hurry to make you happy: you still have time, so you have nothing to worry about. College is very important. To tell you the truth, your years as a bachelor and preparing for entrance exams are a very important part of your journey as a future practitioner.

Bachelor’s Degree: How Long to Become a Doctor

Once you have graduated from high school, you must, as a novice doctor, obtain a bachelor’s degree, which is often quite severe in science and mathematics. We advise you to focus on the following courses: biology, genetics, chemistry, human anatomy, physics, and physiology.

Many institutions will not require you to obtain any degree for admission, but choosing a course that is related to a particular area of science will help you prepare more effectively for the entrance exam and give you an idea of what awaits you at medical school.

And although there are no specific deadlines for successfully completing postgraduate studies and obtaining the proud title of doctor, most students receive their bachelor’s degree and have completed all the necessary courses in approximately four years.

Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)

If you have decided to become a doctor and have set this goal firmly for yourself, it will be important for you to earn as many points on the test as possible. What is it? The Medical College Admission Test is an interactive, multiple-choice admissions test that is an important step for a novice doctor because it will help you to enter a large number of medical schools in the USA.

The Association of American Medical Colleges highlights the following sections of the entrance test:

  • Biology of living systems
  • Physical and chemical bases of biological systems
  • Biological, social and psychological foundations of behavior
  • Ability to analyze oneself and discuss the topics put forward.

If you examine the content of the test in detail, you will see that how to become a holistic doctor and you need to work on your science, your ability to think critically, and your level of English. Spend enough time carefully practicing your oral skills and simply enter complex words and turns.

Many people recommend that you use professional journals and read them every day so that these words are firmly integrated into your vocabulary.

But while test scores play an important role, this is only one factor that you will need. Schools also pay attention to your strengths in terms of subject knowledge, take into account your personal qualities, experiences, and hobbies, and consider different research in medical practice or health care.

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How Long Does It Take to Become a Doctor in 2022: Medical School Training

A medical school is an institution for which you will receive more in-depth training in all necessary subjects and training. In addition to the subjects that you will have to choose, you will also have to pass all the tests and meet all the necessary license requirements.

How Long Does It Take to Become a Doctor in 2022- Best Steps

What subjects do you need to become a doctor? We want to say that the subjects you need to study are very dependent on the school you have chosen and the country you live in, but the programs themselves have minimal differences.

Most medical schools in the USA provide a program that lasts four years. You usually spend the first two years studying academic literature and working in a laboratory, and the next two years you will have real work experience in real hospitals and clinics.

How to become an eye doctor and how long does it take to become an eye doctor? In the first two years, students study basic sciences, which usually include chemistry, anatomy, microbiology, basic psychology, pharmacology, pathology, human genetics, cell biology, and immunology.

You will receive training in human diseases, pediatric medicine, family medicine, gynecology, psychoanalysis, surgery, and other specializations. As students, you will be able to examine the patient yourself, learn to write down medical history, and make your own diagnoses under the supervision of the attending physician.

There are a number of institutions that will offer you a combination of a bachelor’s degree and a medical school. This is made possible by the fact that study takes six years and includes both academic and medical education. With this scheme, you will be able to reduce your studies by several years.

But we would recommend that you take your time. You should take your time; it is very important.

Video: How Long Does It Take to Become a Doctor

If you decided to be a doctor then you should be very curious about what each stage of the process would look like. In this case, watch this video.

License Requirements

In the USA, the survey is conducted by the National Council of Medical Experts and consists of three stages, which include all licensing requirements for medical practices. The exams are divided into Step 1, Step 2, and Step 3. If you have not learned anything about these exams beforehand, you will regret it very much. They are really terrible.

USMLE Step 1 – the cost of $740 (Basic Science: physiology, pathology, anatomy, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, embryology, behavioral science, biochemistry, etc.), then USMLE Step 2 – the cost of $840 (Clinical Knowledge: all clinical subjects) and the last USMLE Step 2 – the cost of $1,200 (Clinical Skills – practical skills in acting).

You will have to deal with Step 1 during your second year of medical school, Step 2 during your final year of study, and Step 3 after you finish your studies within one year of completing postgraduate studies.

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Average Age Of A Medical School Graduate

You will be approximately 26 years old when you graduate from medical school if you choose to study in the USA. You will graduate from high school at the age of 18, then you will spend four years in college and then another year in medical school.

When you turn 26, you will start your residency, which will take about four years on average, and then you will still have a year on a scholarship. However, this period is not a panacea and may vary depending on the schools you choose.

How Many Years Does It Take to Become a Doctor in 2022: What Happens After Medical School

You will already receive a huge amount of knowledge after you graduate from medical school. But you still need to improve your skills, and to do so you will need to spend several years in residency and internships.

How Long Does It Take to Become a Doctor in 2022- Best Steps


Within three to seven years, the practitioner enters a fee-paying residency program in a hospital or clinic. During these seven years, you will take part in various practical exercises to improve your knowledge in areas such as management, diagnosis, and treatment of patients in the specialization you have chosen for yourself.

During your first year of residency, your knowledge and skills will undergo the Step 3 license examination, which we have already mentioned in our article above.

At the residence, a medical specialist works under the supervision of other doctors, but still as a doctor, not a student. Moreover, he receives a good salary for a professional who has not yet failed, by American standards, – $50-60 thousand per year.


In order to gain further specialization, you have the opportunity to complete one or more years of internship, which generally focuses on improving knowledge and skills in the narrow specialization you have chosen.

For example, an internal medicine specialist takes an internship in emergency care and cardiology, because this is what he or she needs for a further career in medicine. This will take another three years after you complete your residency.

How Long Does It Take To Finish Residency And Fellowship

Here is a brief guide to the number of years you will need to complete your residence. Please note that each occupation will require a different amount of time and you will find them all in a special table below.

how long to become a doctor

We have also included in this table information about the time you will need to complete your additional studies in order to become a specialist in a particular field that you will choose. How to become an army doctor or more? For specializations, training times are combined in all stages.

Resident DoctorFellowshipSpecialist DoctorSpecialty
3 years1-3 years11-14 yearsInternal Medicine ( how to become a sports medicine doctor )
3 years1 year11-12 yearsFamily Medicine ( how to become a family doctor )
3 years1-3 years11-15 yearsPediatrics ( how to become a pediatrician doctor )
3-4 years1-2 years12-13 yearsEmergency Medicine ( how long does it take to become an er doctor )
4 years1-2 years13-14 yearsPsychiatry
4 years1-3 years13-15 yearsOb-Gyn
4 years1-5 years13-17 yearsNeurology
5 years1 year13-14 yearsRadiology (diagnostic)
5 years1-2 years14-15 yearsGeneral Surgery ( how to become a military doctor )
5 years1 year14 yearsOrthopedic Surgery ( how to become an orthopedic doctor )
7 years1 year15-17 yearsNeurosurgery
4 years1 year13 yearsAnesthesiology
4 years1 year13 yearsDermatology
4 years2 years14 yearsOphthalmology
5 years2 years15 yearsOtolaryngology
4 years1-2 years13-14 yearsPathology
6 years1 year14-16 yearsPlastic Surgery
5 years1-2 years14-15 yearsRadiation Oncology
5 years1 year14 yearsUrology
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How Hard Is It to Become a Doctor In Different Countries

As we have already mentioned, the length of medical training may vary depending on your country of residence. If you want to become a doctor in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Ireland, or the UK, you may expect shorter or longer training.

Take the example of a general practitioner. In New Zealand you will need twelve years, in Canada, you will need ten years, in the UK you will also need ten years, in Australia, you will need nine years, and in Ireland, you will need about nine years. We compared these figures to eleven years of study in the USA.


The work of a doctor in the USA is almost the most prestigious. Eight top places in the ranking of the highest-paid professions in the country are occupied steadily by physicians. Anesthesiologists are the most profitable professions: their salaries reach up to 290,000 dollars a year. The average salary of a doctor in the USA is 150 thousand dollars a year.

how long does it take to become an er doctor

Doctors are a rich and influential social group. But the demands placed on doctors in America are also very high. They are required to have not only the highest level of education but also to improve their qualifications throughout their careers. And, of course, it’s not cheap to get a professional education and get promoted. A total of $100,000 to $150,000 will be required to get medical education in the USA.

We are used to thinking that medicine in the USA is the most professional in the world. Everyone who wants to become a doctor and practice medicine in America has to go a very difficult way, and no exceptions are made for anyone.

The medical education system in the USA and its structure are very different from the rest. After all, we do not have free higher education. All students – both those studying in private universities and those attending public universities – have to pay tuition fees.

Sociologists claim that education costs are the second-highest in the budget of an average American family after buying a house. However, there is a system in place to reduce, sometimes quite significantly, the financial burden on the family budget, which entails studying at a college or university. This is possible thanks to the widespread system of scholarships and grants.

Medical schools – as they are called higher medical schools in the USA – are mainly financed from the budgets of the states in which they are located. This is why priority is given to residents of the state in question and US citizens in the second place.

Since the profession of a doctor is considered one of the most prestigious, it is expensive to study for a doctor. It is much more expensive than, say, studying to be an economist or lawyer. How long does it take to become a naturopathic doctor?

In addition, the organization of training in this specialization requires a lot of specialized equipment and expensive consumables (especially in the dental specialization). This is why tuition fees for medical school are always very high, and a student cannot do without a loan. Scholarships are paid only for units.

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